Yom HaShoah is Holocaust Remembrance Day, commemorating the death of approximately 6 million Jews by the Nazi regime. The memorial day was inaugurated in 1959 by the then President and Prime Minister of Israel. While there is no institutionalised ritual for the day, it is common for Jewish communities to hold solemn ceremonies to hold solemn ceremonies, lighting candles and reciting the Kaddish (prayers for the departed).
The word ‘Holocaust’ is derived from the Greek words meaning ‘completely’ and ‘burnt’. Other groups persecuted and killed by the Nazi regime include Romani people, Soviets, ethnic Poles, people with disabilities and gays.